Source Citation

Citing Your Source

What is a Citation?

  • When you do research on a topic for a report, you are gathering information from other people's work.
  • Therefore, it is important to give credit to the author whose words or ideas you are using.
  • You do this by citing the source.

Click here for citation examples


  • If you copy information from a source without citing it, this is called plagiarism.
  • Claiming someone else's work as your own is like stealing - it is unethical and illegal!

Citation Styles

There are several different styles (or formats) for citing sources:

  • APA (American Psychological Association)
  • Turabian
  • MLA (Modern Language Association)

Working Bibliography

As you are doing research, it is important to keep a list of all of your sources. This is called your Working Bibliography.

  • The Working Bibliography will help you know where to go if you need more information from one of the sources you used.
  • It will also make it easier for you to do your final bibliography (Works Cited page).



1. Sobol, Richard. Elephant in the Backyard.

New York: Dutton Children's Press, 2004.

2. Davidson, Sarah. "Elephant." The World

Book Encyclopedia. 2004.

3. Lang, Aubrey. Baby Elephant. Markham,

Ont.: Fitzhenry & Whiteside, 2002.

Works Cited

  • The Works Cited page is the last page of your report.
  • It should include every source you used to get your information.
  • Sources must be in alphabetical order and double-spaced.

Works Cited (MLA) Adaptation - Grade 5

  1. For each source listed, begin first line at margin and indent each line that follows.
  2. Underline titles of books, periodicals (magazines), and software. Titles of articles are enclosed in quotation marks.
  3. Note punctuation and follow exactly.
  4. If some information is not available (such as author name or place of publication), just leave it out.
  5. Arrange all sources in one list, alphabetically by first word, which will generally be either the author's last name or the first important word of the title.

Examples (MLA) Adaptation - Grade 5


Book with one author:

  1. Author.
  2. Title of book
  3. City of publication:
  4. Publisher, date of publication.

Barenblate, Rachel. Wisconsin: the Badger State.

Milwaukee, WI: World Almanac Library,


Encyclopedia and other reference books:

  1. Author of article (if available).
  2. "Title of article."
  3. Title of book.
  4. Date of edition.

Eiselen, Malcolm R. "Franklin, Benjamin." The

World Book Encyclopedia. 2004.

Article in a periodical (magazine):

  1. Author (if available).
  2. "Title of article."
  3. Periodical title date: page.

Elliot, Josh. "On a Roll." Sports Illustrated For

Kids January 2005: 22-26.

Lambeth, Ellen. "Bringing Up Mama." Ranger

Rick March 2005: 4-11.


Encyclopedia & other publications on CD-ROM:

  1. Author (if available)
  2. "Title of article."
  3. Title of product
  4. Edition or version
  5. CD-ROM.
  6. City of publication: Publisher, date of publication.

Leicester, Henry M. "Chemistry." Microsoft Encarta.

2002 ed. CD-ROM. Redmond, WA: Microsoft

Corporation, 2002.

Encyclopedia from an online service:

  1. Author, if shown
  2. "Title of article."
  3. Name of encyclopedia. (underlined or in italics)
  4. Name of publisher, date of publication (if available).
  5. Date of your visit
  6. Name of the online service you used.

Cronin, Thomas E. "President of the United States." World

Book Online Reference Center. 2005. World Book,

Inc. 19 July 2005 America Online.

World Wide Web:

  1. Author (if known).
  2. "Title of article."
  3. Title of complete work. (if relevant)
  4. Date of visit
  5. <full http address>.

Jacobson, Russell J. "Mystery Sauropod and Stegosaurus

Excavation 2005." Dino Russ's Lair. 19 July 2005



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